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General Formatting Rules

1. A reference must list Author(s), Year, Title, Publication, in that order.
Depending on the type of reference, "Publication" may include the name of the journal or book, the publisher, the volumes and issue numbers and the pages (see examples below).

2. Please do not use abbreviations! Spell out the references completely.

3. For rules on interpunctation please check the examples below.
Do not simply copy-and-paste references!

References other than publications may be entered into Mindat only if there is no published literature for the data being entered. The typical case would be the addition of a mineral to a site, which requires that the method of identification is given.

Where to Add References

Locality pages

References can be entered into a specific "Reference" field when editing a locality.
Please do not enter references to the descriptive text, use the special "Reference" field.

Special rules for reference lists on locality pages:

1. Individual references end with a period sign "." and are separated by a single line.
Do NOT precede references with a hypen or dash "-" or any other symbol or character!

2. References in Mindat are listed chronologically, oldest first.
If you click the "Sort references by year" (top right corner of reference entry field), the references will be sorted by year and a single line will be added between them.

Mineral Entries at Localities

A published or personal reference has to be entered when a mineral is added to a locality, as explained in Add_Minerals_to_a_Locality. Published references have to be entered in the same format as references for localities. Examples for personal references are given at Add_Minerals_to_a_Locality.


Journal Articles

Goldsmith, J.R., Graf, D.L., Witters, J., Northrop, D.A. (1962) Studies in the system CaCO3•MgCO3•FeCO3: (1) Phase relations; (2) A method for major element spectrochemical analyses; and (3) Composition of some ferroan dolomites. Journal of Geology: 70(7): 659-688.

Book Sections

Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 680-685.

Field Guides

Bailes, A., Rubingh, K., Gagné, S., Taylor, C., Galley, A., Bernauer, S., Simms, D. (2013) Volcanological and structural setting of Paleoproterozoic VMS and gold deposits at Snow Lake, Manitoba. Field Trip Guidebook FT-A2. Geological Association of Canada–Mineralogical Association of Canada Joint Annual Meeting, Winnipeg. Open File OF 2013-3, 73 pages.

Personal Communications

Jonathan, James R. (2015) Alaska Geological Survey, personal communication to James Prospector.

Unpublished References

Collected by James Prospector (2015) Material analyzed via EDS by Dr. Hubertus A. Goodfellow, Razzamataz University, Columbus, Alaska, USA.

Online References

On locality pages, references to websites and other online sources are entered in a separate field.
Resources to online sources use a different format: A URL, followed by a dash "-" and some text explaining what is found at the online source. - Photos of Fake Skeletal Galena.